10 Eco-Friendly Fabrics to Look for When Shopping for Clothes

Looking to shop for clothes that are eco-friendly? Look out for fabrics like organic cotton, linen, hemp, bamboo, and Tencel. These fabrics are sustainable and won’t harm the environment. Plus, they’re super comfortable to wear too!

Introduction to eco-friendly fabrics

When it comes to shopping for clothes, more and more people are prioritizing sustainability. One aspect of sustainable fashion is the use of eco-friendly fabrics. These materials are better for the environment because they require less water and energy to produce, often use fewer chemicals and pesticides, and can be biodegradable or recycled at the end of their life cycle.

What are eco-friendly fabrics?

Eco-friendly fabrics come from natural resources that do not require intensive processing or chemical treatment. Most commonly, these include:

  • Organic cotton: grown without synthetic fertilizers, pesticides or genetically modified seeds.
  • Bamboo: a fast-growing plant that requires little water and no pesticides, and can be processed into soft and breathable fabric.
  • Hemp: a durable plant that requires little water and no pesticides or herbicides to grow; it can also help to improve soil quality.
  • Linen: made from flax plants, which require less water than cotton; linen is also biodegradable and recyclable.
  • Tencel/Lyocell: produced from wood pulp using a closed-loop process that recycles solvents; it requires less water than cotton and feels lightweight.

History of eco-friendly fabrics

The use of eco-friendly fabrics dates back centuries. For example:

  • Hemp has been used as a textile fiber in China since ancient times. The first recorded instance of hemp fabric being used in Europe was in 1 AD by the Roman Empire for clothing purposes.
  • Natural dyes have been used worldwide for thousands of years until synthetic dye became popularized within Western industry around late 19th century with inventions such as William Henry Perkin’s mauveine in year 1856.
  • Flax has been cultivated as an agricultural crop for over six thousand years dating back when ancient Egyptians built tow ropes from flax fibers
  • Silk production has been known for millennia across the Asian continent. Sericulture, the practice of producing silk fiber by raising silkworms is said to have been first used in ancient China.

As modern textile and garment production has developed, however, many materials and processes that negatively impact the environment have come into prominent use. This has led to a recent surge in interest and innovation into sustainable or green alternatives.

Sustainable fashion fabrics can make a significant difference when it comes to environmental impact. As consumers become more informed, they are increasingly willing to pay premium prices for clothing crafted from sustainably produced eco-friendly fabrics such as recycled ocean plastics or plant dyes.

Overall, the importance of eco-friendly fabrics remains clear, not only for this generation but future ones as well if we want our planet’s natural resources to be preserved for future generations without severe depletion in biodiversity and other ecosystem services.

What is Organic cotton?

Organic cotton is cotton grown without the use of synthetic pesticides or fertilizers, and is certified to have met strict environmental and social standards. [Wikipedia]

Benefits of using eco-friendly fabrics

Clothing is an essential item that we use every day. However, most clothing items are made using unsustainable and environmentally harmful materials. As a result, the fashion industry has become notorious for its contribution to global pollution and carbon emissions. With the rising awareness of environmental sustainability, many clothing brands are now shifting to eco-friendly fabrics as part of their commitment to protecting the environment.

Eco-friendly fabrics are made from sustainable materials and have lower negative impacts on the environment compared to traditional textiles. Some common types of eco-friendly fabrics include organic cotton, hemp, bamboo, linen, silk, wool, and recycled polyester.

Environmental benefits

  • Reduced carbon footprint: Eco-friendly fabrics are made using fewer chemicals and resources than traditional textiles. They require less energy during production and generate fewer greenhouse gases during their lifecycle. As a result, they have a significantly lower carbon footprint compared to their conventional counterparts.
  • Water conservation: Eco-friendly fabrics require less water during production than traditional textiles. For example, organic cotton grown without the use of pesticides requires up to 91% less water than conventionally grown cotton. This reduction in water usage helps to conserve water resources and reduce the impact of textile manufacturing on local ecosystems.
  • Reduced landfills: The fast fashion industry contributes significantly to landfill waste due to cheaply produced garments that do not last long before being thrown away. By producing clothes using eco-friendly materials that can be recycled or biodegraded more easily reduces landfill waste burden on communities.
  • Preserves biodiversity: Intensive farming practices used for growing raw materials like conventional cotton- often leads to soil depletion which can cause desertification in significant areas leading loss of biodiversity in habitats dependent on them. Use of Organic Cotton rather preserves soil health leading better balance between communities living around those agricultural sites.

Social benefits

  • Fair labor practices: Eco-friendly fabrics are often produced using socially responsible labor practices, which offer fair wages and safe working conditions for workers. Fair compensation to all workforces in the textile supply chain from raw fibre production to garment threading leads a boost in local economies.
  • Empowerment of communities: Organic cotton farmers have enjoyed better health- and education-related outcomes compared to conventional cotton farmers; indicating that social and financial goals can indeed be linked with environmental sustainability.
  • Sustainable trade opportunities: Sustainable fashion promotes fair trade by providing economic benefits for low-income households particularly those weaving or knitting naturally spun wool or silk locally enhancing sustainable business opportunities.

Health benefits

  • Reduced toxicity: Synthetic fabrics treated with chemicals during manufacturing such as formaldehyde or phthalates pose occupational health risks to workers who come into direct contact with them. Green manufacturing processes avoid this danger providing hormonal balance and non-toxic life for workers.
  • Healthier living: Use of eco-friendly fabric provides a healthier lifestyle because it does not release harmful gasses such as Formaldeyhde into the environment leading improved indoor air pollution control mechanisms

Organic Cotton

Organic cotton is becoming increasingly popular in the fashion industry as consumers become more aware of the environmental impact of clothing production. But what exactly is organic cotton, and why should you look for it when shopping for clothes?


Simply put, organic cotton is grown without the use of harmful pesticides or synthetic fertilizers. Instead, farmers rely on natural methods such as crop rotation, beneficial insects, and compost to maintain soil health and control pests.

In addition to being free from toxic chemicals, organic cotton is also typically produced using less water than conventional cotton. This is because organic farming practices prioritize soil health, which allows crops to better absorb and retain moisture.


Choosing organic cotton over conventionally-grown cotton has several benefits for both the environment and human health.

  • Reduces chemical pollution: One of the most significant benefits of organic cotton production is a reduction in chemical pollution. Conventional cotton farming uses some of the highest levels of pesticides of any crop – some of which can have serious consequences for human health. By opting for clothing made from organic cotton, you are supporting farming practices that minimize pollution and harm to ecosystems.
  • Promotes biodiversity: Organic farms often support greater biodiversity than conventional farms. By using crop rotation and avoiding synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, these farms promote healthy soil that can support a wider range of plant and animal life.
  • Supports sustainable agriculture: Organic farming practices prioritize diverse cropping systems, efficient use of resources like water, energy conservation and reduced emissions. By choosing products made from organically grown materials you encourage this kind of sustainable agriculture.
  • Softer on skin: Because it’s not treated with harsh chemicals during processing, organic clothing can be gentler on sensitive skin. It’s especially important if someone has allergies or eczema.
GOTS certification

If you’re looking to ensure that your clothing truly meets strict environmentally-friendly criteria look out for garments labeled with “GOTS certified organic” tag. GOTS certification guarantees that the entire production process complies with environmental and social criteria, including things like:

  • No use of toxic chemicals
  • Safe working conditions for farmers and workers
  • Guaranteed worker rights to fair wages, dignity and equal protection
  • Minimizing environmental impact on water usage, waste management among others

Buying clothes made from organic cotton is one of many steps we can take towards a more sustainable future. By choosing materials that minimize harm to ecosystems, promote biodiversity, and support sustainable agriculture practices we can all play a role in creating a healthier planet for generations to come.

Bamboo Fabric

What is bamboo fabric?

Bamboo fabric is a clothing material made from the pulp of bamboo grass. It is a natural textile that has become increasingly popular, especially among eco-conscious consumers who seek sustainable alternatives to traditional fabrics like cotton and polyester.

Bamboo fabric can be processed in several ways to create different types of cloth, including woven and knitted fabrics. The most common method of producing bamboo fabric involves chemically treating the plant’s cellulose to form a fiber that can be spun into yarn. This creates what’s known as regenerated bamboo fiber, also called viscose or rayon.


  • Softness: Bamboo fabric is praised for its soft texture, which feels silky against the skin. This makes it an excellent choice for items that touch the body frequently, like linens and underwear.

  • Moisture-wicking: Bamboo fabric has natural absorbency and moisture-wicking properties that work to keep you dry and comfortable. This makes it an ideal material for activewear and other garments worn during physical activity.

  • Breathability: Bamboo fibers have micro-gaps that allow air to circulate through your clothes, keeping you cool during hot weather.

  • Eco-friendly: Bamboo plants are renewable resources that grow quickly without fertilizers or pesticides. And because bamboo needs little water and space to thrive, it has a lower carbon footprint than other crops used in clothing production. Regenerated bamboo fiber also requires fewer chemicals than other synthetic textiles.

Types of bamboo fabric

There are different types of bamboo fabric depending on how they are processed:

  1. Viscose/Rayon

    This type of bamboo fabric involves chemically dissolving the cellulose from the plant fibers with chemicals before spinning them into a yarn.

  2. Lyocell

    Lyocell is produced using a closed-loop process which means almost all chemicals used in processing can be recycled or reused so there’s less waste generated.

  3. Bamboo Linen

    It is a mechanically processed bamboo fiber and not chemically produced like Viscose. That means, instead of the cellulose being dissolved in chemicals, mechanical workers break down the bamboo stalks using natural enzymes before spinning them into fibers.

Hemp Fabric

Hemp is a versatile and eco-friendly plant that has been used for centuries in clothing, paper, building materials, and more. In recent years, the use of hemp fabric has grown in popularity as people seek sustainable alternatives to traditional textiles. Here’s what you need to know about hemp fabric.


Hemp fabric is made from fibers of the Cannabis sativa plant. Unlike marijuana, which comes from the same species of plant but contains high levels of THC (the psychoactive compound that gets you “high”), hemp contains only trace amounts of THC and is therefore not psychoactive.

The fibers of the hemp plant can be used to create a variety of different types of fabrics, including:

  • Hemp denim: Heavy-duty and durable, perfect for jeans and other sturdy garments.
  • Hemp linen: Lighter weight with a textured look and feel.
  • Hemp silk: A luxurious alternative to traditional silk with a similar sheen but without the environmental impact.
  • Hemp fleece: Soft and cozy, suitable for blankets and outerwear.


There are numerous benefits to using hemp fabric over traditional textiles:

  • Sustainability: Hemp plants require less water than cotton and can be grown without harmful pesticides or fertilizers. Additionally, they grow quickly (up to 20 feet tall in just four months), making them an incredibly renewable resource.
  • Durability: Hemp fibers are extremely strong and resistant to wear and tear. This means that clothing made from hemp can last much longer than clothing made from other materials.
  • Comfort: Despite its durability, hemp fabric is soft to the touch and becomes even softer with each wash. It also wicks moisture away from the skin, making it an ideal choice for summer clothing or athletic wear.
Misconceptions about hemp

Despite its many benefits, there are still some misconceptions about using hemp as a textile material:

  • It’s illegal: While cannabis is still classified as a Schedule I drug under U.S. Federal law, the cultivation of industrial hemp (defined as hemp plants with less than 0.3% THC content) is legal in most states.
  • It’s scratchy: This misconception likely comes from people who have only ever encountered rough, low-quality hemp fabrics. In reality, high-quality hemp fabrics are soft and comfortable.
  • It’s expensive: While it’s true that some products made from hemp fabric can be pricier than their traditional counterparts, there are many affordable options available on the market.

Tencel (Lyocell) Fabric

Tencel, also known as Lyocell, is a sustainable fabric made from eucalyptus tree wood pulp. It was first developed in the 1980s by an Austrian company called Lenzing AG. The production process of Tencel is considered eco-friendly because it uses less water compared to other fabrics and does not require chemical pesticides and fertilizers. In addition, the solvents used during production are recycled, making Tencel a closed-loop system.


Tencel fibers are made from bleached wood pulp that goes through a rigorous production process. After being dissolved, the substance is spun into fibers that go through further processes such as carding and dying before it becomes fabric. Different techniques can be applied to change the fabric’s texture, such as sandblasting.


Tencel possesses essential benefits that set it apart from traditional fabrics:

  1. Sustainable – One of the main reasons why Tencel has become popular in recent years is its sustainability and eco-friendliness. Its production saves on both energy use and water consumption; this makes it one of the most environmentally friendly fabrics out there.
  2. Soft – This fabric is well-known for its silk-like feel against your skin.
  3. Breathable – The structure of the lyocell fiber allows air to move freely between the filaments hence; tencel provides exceptional breathability when worn.
  4. Moisture-wicking- Tencels’ hydrophilic properties make it ideal for absorbing moisture away from your skin’s surface quickly
  5. Durable – Another critical benefit of Tencel is its durability which makes it long-lasting hence reducing clothing waste/dump
  6. Versatility- With both lightweight and heavy-duty options available, Tensile has become fashionable across different apparel applications.
Tencel vs Other Fabrics

Tencel is often compared to other traditional fabrics such as cotton, wool, polyester, and silk. Let’s take a closer look:

  • Cotton vs. Tencel – Both are eco-friendly fabric options; however, Tencel has superior properties like better moisture absorption and durability.
  • Wool vs. Tencel – While wool retains heat well, it can be heavy and bulky. On the other hand, Tencel is lightweight with improved breathability due to its cellulosic composition
  • Polyester vs. Tencel – Synthetic fibers like polyester have excellent resilience with no wrinkles however do not have any eco-friendliness credentials or posses similar styling performance to pure tencel oils.
  • Silk vs. Tencel – The softness of silk is often compared to that of tencel since they both possess a silky touch.

Recycled Polyester


Polyester is a synthetic fabric made from petrochemicals. Recycled polyester, on the other hand, is produced by breaking down existing plastic and turning it into new polyester fiber. The recycling process reduces the amount of plastic waste in landfills and ocean water.


Recycled polyester has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its eco-friendliness. Here are some benefits of using recycled polyester in clothing:

  • Reduces Plastic Waste: Since recycled polyester is made from existing plastic, it helps reduce the amount of plastic waste in landfills and oceans. By using recycled polyester in place of virgin polyester, we can limit our dependence on fossil fuels.
  • Saves Energy: Creating recycled polyester uses less energy than creating virgin polyester. Recycling one ton of PET bottles saves 7.4 cubic yards of landfill space and reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 3 metric tons of CO2 equivalent.
  • Durable: Recycled polyester fibers are strong and long-lasting, making it ideal for clothing that can withstand heavy use.
  • Versatile: Recycled polyester is versatile enough to be woven into various types of fabrics such as chiffon, satin or herringbone.
Types of recycled polyester

Here are three types of recycled polyester that can be used to make clothes:

  1. Post-consumer recycled (PCR) Polyester: This type is made from discarded products like PET plastic bottles collected after consumer usage.

  2. Pre-consumer recycled (PCR) Polyester: This type comes from unused manufacturing scraps instead of being thrown away when producing consumer products like a T-shirt.

  3. Biodegradable Polyester: Bio-PET(ethylenefuranoate), fiber that biologically decomposes once buried underground or placed under composter within two weeks rather than lying inert inside a landfill for hundreds or even thousands of years.

Overall, choosing clothes made with recycled polyester supports sustainable fashion practices by reducing waste, conserving energy, and minimizing our reliance on fossil fuels.

Linen Fabric

Linen is a natural textile made from the fibers of the flax plant. It is one of the oldest fabrics known, dating back to ancient Egypt over 4,000 years ago. Linen was once a luxury material and was often used in clothing for royalty and nobility.


Linen fabric is derived from the stalks of the flax plant and can be made into a variety of materials including bed sheets, tablecloths, clothing, and upholstery. The making of linen requires a lengthy process that involves harvesting the flax plant and soaking it in water for several days. Once soaked, the fiber is then separated by crushing or pounding the stalks to release them. The fibers are then dried before being spun into yarn or thread.

The end result of this process is a fabric that has a natural texture with subtle variations throughout its material. This texture gives linen its characteristic appearance of irregularity weaving strands sometimes slightly thicker or thinner than one another.


There are many benefits to using linen fabrics in clothing or home decor items:

  • Durability: Linen fibers are incredibly strong and can hold up to wear and tear better than cotton or silk.
  • Breathable: The porous nature of linen fabric makes it highly breathable, which means it will keep you cool during hot weather.
  • Absorbent: Linen also has high moisture absorbency traits meaning when we sweat while wearing linen clothes, it will immediately absorb any sweat contributions due to its porous nature
  • Hypoallergenic: Linen does not harbor dust mites or other allergens like other synthetic fabrics do therefore they suit people prone to allergies such as eczema sufferers
  • Sustainable: Flax plants used to make linens do not require as much land as cotton crops because they grow faster giving us an eco-friendly product
  • Stylish appeal: Due to its natural texture variation pattern linen fabrics are perfect for chic appeal in men and women fashion outfits
Linen vs Cotton

Both cotton and linen are popular fabrics, but there are a few key differences between the two. For instance, cotton is softer to the touch than linen, making it more desirable by consumers who value comfort above all else. Conversely, linen fibers have more irregular shapes which makes it bulkier that results in poor elasticity though not reaching cotton’s softness.

When it comes to ecological impact, flax plants — used to make linen — need less fertilizer than cotton plants do plus they occupy little space on growing their fields meaning plant extracts could be utilized further into other process or placed until next usage therefore preventing wastage.

Jute Fabric

Jute fabric is a natural textile made from the fibers of the jute plant, which is native to India and Bangladesh. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibers and ranks second only to cotton in terms of production quantity.


The jute fiber itself is derived from the stem and ribbon (outer skin) of the jute plant. After harvesting, the plants are retted, or soaked in water, to loosen and soften the fibers. The fibers are then stripped from the stalks and separated through a process called carding. Finally, they are spun into yarn that can be woven or knitted into various types of fabrics.

Jute fabric has a slightly rough texture and tends to take on a beige or tan color. However, it can also be processed to produce more vibrant hues.


Jute fabric has many benefits that make it an attractive choice for eco-conscious fashion enthusiasts:

  1. Sustainable: Jute plants require very little fertilization and pesticide use compared to other crops like cotton. They also grow quickly and abundantly in warm weather conditions.

  2. Biodegradable: When disposed of properly (i.e., not sent to a landfill where they may not decompose), jute fabrics will eventually breakdown back into organic matter.

  3. Versatile: Jute fabric can be used in many different ways, including as upholstery material, carpet backing, rope/twine material for gardening or packaging products.

  4. Breathable: Because jute fibers have low thermal conductivity properties that allow air flow between them easily – which means you’ll feel cooler when wearing clothing made from this material than other synthetic or man-made materials that trap heat against your skin instead of letting it escape freely!

  5. Durable: Jute fabrics have high tensile strength which makes them resistant enough when carrying heavier loads.

Uses Of Jute

There are many different uses for jute fabric, including:

  • Clothing: As a textile for clothing, jute has a unique and interesting look that’s perfect for eco-fashion enthusiasts who want to stand out. Jute fabric can be used to make dresses, skirts, jackets, hats, or even shoes.

  • Home decor: Jute fabric’s rough texture and natural color make it an attractive choice for many different types of home decor products such as placemats or throw pillows. It is also known to give off a rustic vibe when used with wooden furniture items.

  • Agriculture purposes: Jute bags are commonly used in the agriculture industry to transport crops due to their durable nature. The fabric can also be used as shade cloths or temporary coverings from rain elements on fields.

Wool Fabric

Wool is a classic and versatile fabric that has been used for ages to make clothing, blankets, and other woolen products. It’s warm, soft, durable, and sustainable – all features that make it one of the best eco-friendly fabrics available in the market today.


Wool fabric is made from the fibers of sheep or lamb wool. It’s a natural protein fiber that comes from animals’ coats and can also be obtained from goats (cashmere or mohair) or rabbits (angora). The process of obtaining wool involves shearing the animal’s coat off with no harm to them.

Once gathered, the fleece gets washed to remove oils and grease before it gets spun into yarns. The wool then undergoes several processes such as scouring, carding, spinning and weaving before its ready-to-use state in clothing.


Choosing clothing made out of wool not only keeps you warm but also has many benefits both for you as an individual and for the environment as a whole.

  1. Natural Insulator – Wool fibers have natural insulating properties making them ideal for winter clothes like sweaters, jackets & scarfs. They trap air between their fibers giving warmth even when wet.

  2. Breathable – Wool lets moisture vapor pass through it easily which means your skin remains dry resulting in less odor.

  3. Durable – Wool is resistant to wrinkling therefore maintaining its shape well over time.

  4. Renewable resource – Shearing is done regularly every year on live sheep without causing any physical harm making this fabric renewable.

  5. Biodegradable – Being a natural fabric makes it easier to decompose than synthetic fabrics; thus putting less burden on landfills.

Types of wool

There are different types of wools based on where they come from are:

  1. Merino wool – Grown mainly in Australia and New Zealand, Merino has the finest wool fibers. This type of wool is lightweight and soft making it perfect for activewear, base layers or undergarments.

  2. Shetland Wool – Shetland Sheep produces a rougher texture of wool which will keep you warm on blustery days. It is great to use when creating blankets, coats, and heavy-duty clothing items.

  3. Alpaca Wool – Originated in Peru where Alpacas roam freely, alpaca wool can provide up to 30% less weight than other types of wools keeping its bulkiness intact at the same time! This fabric is hypoallergenic & durable providing the wearer with warmth throughout cold weather conditions.

  4. Cashmere Wool – Cashmere comes from a specific breed of goats living high-altitude areas like Mongolia & Tibet only producing around 200-300gm per year which makes it luxurious and quite expensive but well worth every penny as it gives ultimate comfort!

  5. Angora Wool – This is collected by plucking the fur off rabbits (without causing any physical harm) once harvested they receive a haircut leaving them feeling delighted! Angora provides unparalleled fluffy garments such as scarfs and hats.

In conclusion, switching to sustainable fabrics like wool is one of the easiest ways that we can positively impact our environment without breaking the bank balance! By purchasing clothes made from eco-friendly fabrics instead of synthetic ones not only do we make ourselves feel good but also preserve our planet for generations to come!

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